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A Rapid Transition to Electric Vehicles - Nur Durmaz

Electric cars have started to be used in many parts of the world. These technological developments, which started with hybrid cars, affect not only the budgets but also the steps taken by the countries for their future planning and to protect the environment. So, is this really the case? It is possible to see how the energy crisis, which started especially after the Russia-Ukraine war, increased gas, oil, and electricity prices, especially in the European continent. Whether or not electric vehicles are preferred to avoid increasing prices and not harm the environment greatly varies from country to country and according to the preferred vehicles.

According to statistics in Eurostat, at least 48.6% of European people prefer to travel by car. This means that car owners in this ratio will not ignore the usage areas of their cars and will pay attention to some criteria in their new car preferences. Today, the most traveling electric vehicle Mercedes Vision EQXX can travel about 850 km. It is uncertain whether this will be sufficient for vehicles that make long journeys, but it is seen that it can provide sufficient and noiseless use for the environment in urban uses.

The benefits of electric vehicles are innumerable, but it is still useful, to mention a few. First, its contribution to nature is one of the most important factors in the acceleration of the production of these vehicles. However, this is true for countries like Germany that generate their energy mostly from green sources. It should be noted that for a country like Turkey that still produces the majority of its energy from carbon-based sources, it will not make much difference in terms of nature. Second, electric vehicles will not require constant maintenance like internal combustion vehicles, and they will also play a role in reducing the emissions produced by the industry. Still, with current technology, the replacement cost of vehicles whose batteries have failed is too much for most people. Although this problem can be solved over time, the agreements made by the states put a lot of strain on the brands in this regard.

Considering the benefits of electric vehicles compared to vehicles with internal combustion engines, first of all, while the efficiency against the energy consumed in internal combustion engines cannot exceed 35% theoretically, the new generation turbocharger to be purchased in the world is currently the first thing to be considered. It can convert only 20% of the power produced by the engine of a charged car into mechanical power by chemical reaction. If we add factors such as transmission, friction, and weight to this equation, an internal combustion vehicle transfers only 15% of the energy it produces to the movement. With a simple equation, the amount of energy the vehicle burns at a distance of 1 kilometer is around 20-30 cents in electric vehicles. At the same time, this figure easily exceeds 1 lira in a modern gasoline vehicle. This shows that electric vehicles are at least 4 to 5 times more efficient. Even if this figure varies from vehicle to vehicle, this calculation can be simply proven with Volkswagen Golf 7 model vehicle, which is both fully electric and equipped with an internal combustion engine.

Although sports cars are known as internal combustion vehicles that make loud noises, it should be noted that the new generation of electric vehicles is very fast. Although there is a group of people who love the sounds and sensations of normal cars, it is obvious that electric vehicles will conquer this category in the future. The same is true for the motorcycle industry, although some models are already making their way into the world's fastest lists. It is possible to give an example from Tesla for the logistics business, which is another category. The technical data of the model of the Tesla brand called Semi Truck looks very good. It is as fast as a sports car when empty but has a range of 800 km when loaded, and it is said that it can travel 600 km in just 40 minutes. It is also guaranteed for an unprecedented distance of 1 million km. Although it seems to be a commercial move, it will be seen together with the transition to electricity with the developing technology and what more surprises this technology has.

In all this situation, it seems logical that all vehicles will be converted to electric vehicles by 2035, one of the carbon emission reduction policies of the European Union. In this regard, famous car brands such as BMW say they are ready for electric vehicle production. However, whether this policy will be strictly implemented or not, of course, depends on the final decisions of the Council of Europe. In such a situation, it is not certain what long-range car and internal combustion engine lovers will do. The fact that other countries continue to use internal combustion engine vehicles while the EU countries are in such a policy may cause problems even for trade.


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